Poles eat less and less meat. And this is no longer just the wishful thinking of vegans and vegetarians, but hard data.
Last year, a statistical Pole ate 61 kg of meat during the year, according to the GUS report " Agriculture in 2019 ". It might seem that this is a high value, but in fact it is lower by as much as 20 percent. from the results of the research for 2018, in which the average Pole consumed as much as 76.9 kg of meat. According to the RoślinnieJemy campaign , citing Market Research World research from June 2020, the pandemic period encouraged 25.4 percent. Poles to limit meat consumption. So we can expect that in the next year’s GUS statistics the decline in meat consumption will be even greater.
Poles limit meat consumption because it is easier than ever.
The change visible in the statistics of the Central Statistical Office is undoubtedly directly related to the simple fact that it is easier than ever to put aside or limit meat.
Popular retail chains, such as Biedronka or Lidl, have started to offer an ever wider selection of plant products and the so-called "Meat substitutes", including recently even Beyond Burger chops. There are also vegan dairy substitutes and even additives, such as mayonnaise or sauces.
For Poles accustomed to traditional cuisine, it is an opportunity to try to replace meat in classic dishes to which they are accustomed. For those who do not like traditional Polish dishes, a greater choice of products means much easier shopping and diversifying the menu.
Fast food chains and even IKEA are also joining their contribution to reducing meat consumption. In recent months, both MacDonald’s , Burger King and KFC have experimented with vegetarian or vegan varieties of their dishes. MacDonald’s wece-version even has the popular Drwala Burger, which until now was only a meat delicacy.
In the IKEA store chain, we can eat not only veggie hot dogs, but even a vegetable version of the popular meatballs , made from a meatless alternative to classic pork.
Poles are also more and more willing to try veg substitutes . According to a survey conducted by the Ariadne Panel, already 34.4 percent. Poles buy vegetable equivalents of meat. Another 31 percent. he has not eaten such products yet, but he expresses interest in them and is waiting for an opportunity to try them.
The general public awareness is also growing. A growing number of Poles declare their willingness to limit meat consumption not only due to animal suffering, but also the ecological impact of cattle and pig farming. The GUS report states that in 2018 the share of the agricultural sector in GHF emissions amounted to a total of 8%, MP10 dust – 12%, volatile non-methane compounds and TSP dust 14% each. and as much as 94 percent. ammonia emissions. To quote the report, such a high level of ammonia emissions is due to "irrational management of natural fertilizers".
Unfortunately, the decreasing consumption of meat did not translate into its lower production.
According to the CSO report, although meat consumption per capita fell by 15.9 kg, animal husbandry is doing well. The cattle population amounted to 6.3 million units, i.e. it was higher by 1.3%. than in 2018. The pig population in December 2019 amounted to 11.2 million units and was 1.7 percent. greater than last year.
What happened to meat that was produced in greater quantity than in the previous year, although its consumption has decreased – unfortunately the report does not reveal. It remains to be hoped that it did not add to the nearly 250 kg of food that an average Pole wastes every year.
The meat consumption statistics, however, are optimistic. There is no point in deluding, of course, that we will become a 100% complex nation. from vegans and vegetarians, but with the current pace of change, there is a chance that pork knuckle and pork chops will cease to be an obligatory element of every Sunday dinner on Polish tables.
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On pork knuckle and pork chops. Poles eat less and less meat